Presidency on Saturday released the list of achievements of President MuhammaduBuhari containing 75 items ahead of the May 29 first year anniversary of the administration. The list covered areas like security, power, anti-corruption war, non-interference with the judiciary, the economy, power supply, foreign relations, amongst others.
However, some critical stakeholders in the Nigerian project have gone to the archives to bring out the list of campaign promises made by President Buhari and the ruling All Progressives Congress, APC, and have juxtaposed these campaign promises with the list of 75 achievements of Buhari to compare notes. Naturally, it is assumed that the campaign promises will serve as the marking scheme for the president since he was voted into office based on these campaign promises.
To appraise the performance of the administration in the past one year, it is imperative to recap some of the promises made to the electorates before the 2015 general election.
During the electioneering campaign, MuhammaduBuhari and APC had made, at least, a total of 81 electoral promises in the run up to his presidency. These promises include the public declaration of assets and liabilities by Buhari and his team; introduction of state and community policing; ban on all government officials from seeking medical care abroad, implementation of the National Gender Policy, including 35 percent of appointive positions for women and revival of Ajaokuta steel company.
The APC campaign team also promised generation, transmission and distribution of at least 20,000 megawatts of electricity within four years and increasing to 50,000 MW with a view to achieving 24/7 uninterrupted power supply within 10 years; empowerment scheme to employ 740,000 graduates across the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory; establishment of a free-tuition and scholarship scheme for pupils who have shown exceptional aptitude in science subjects at O/Levels to study ICT-related courses; creation of 720,000 jobs by the 36 states in the federation yearly (20,000 per state) and additional three million jobs per year; embarking on vocational training, entrepreneurial and skills acquisition schemes for graduates along with the creation of a Small Business Loan Guarantee Scheme to create at least five million new jobs by 2019 and that Churches and Mosques would not pay taxes under national laws, but if they engage in businesses, the businesses would pay tax.
Other promises by the APC include the provision of allowances to the discharged but unemployed Youth Corps members for twelve (12) months while in the skills and entrepreneurial development programme; making the economy one of the fastest-growing emerging economies in the world with a real GDP growth averaging 10% annually; creation of a Social Welfare Programme of at least five thousand naira (N5000) that will cater for the 25 million poorest and most vulnerable citizens upon the demonstration of children’s enrollment in school and evidence of immunization to help promote family stability; recruitment and training of at least 100,000 officers into the Nigerian police force and establishing a Federal Anti-terrorism Agency.
Also on the list of APC campaign promises is provision of one free meal (to include fruits) daily for public primary school pupils; building an airport in Ekiti State; eradication of “state of origin” in public documents such as application forms and replacing that with “state of residence” to ensure Nigerians are Nigerians first before anything else; establishment of crime squad to combat terrorism, kidnapping, armed robbery, militants, ethno-religious and communal clashes nationwide; working with the National Assembly towards the immediate enactment of a Whistle Blower Act; economic stability for the ECOWAS nations and maintaining a strong, close and frank relationship with West Africa, South Africa, UK, USA, Canada, and other African countries and establishing a conflict resolution commission to help prevent, mitigate and resolve civil conflicts within the polity.
However, the achievement list of Buhari released by the presidency was silent on over 90 percent of what was on the campaign list. Most of the foreign trips embarked upon by the Nigerian leader and the bilateral agreements signed were very prominent as part of the achievements of the president.
Some analysts that have ran through the list of achievements have expressed reservations over some of the items on the achievement list.
For instance, on the issue of Boko Haram, the achievement list states that “Since December 2015, the well-motivated and rejuvenated Nigerian Military have regained all Nigerian territories previously under Boko Haram’s control.” Those that faulted this claim have raised questions about the Sambisa forest that is apparently still under the Boko Haram insurgents and wondered if the forest and some villages in Borno state are no longer part of Nigerian territory. The Chibok girls are now believed to be somewhere in the forest on whose fringes one of the Chibok girls, Amina was “rescued” by local vigilatees about two weeks ago.
Though President Buhari promised to annihilate Boko Haram within three months in office, as the aides of the president were busy compiling the achievement list, the deadly group was also busy razing five Borno villages mainly in Jere Local Government Area, about 10 kilometres from Maiduguri, the capital of troubled Borno State.
The terrorists were alleged to have killed 11 persons in the five villages which they attacked between 8pm and 10pm last Tuesday. Indeed, report reveals that at least 2, 569 persons were killed by the Boko Haram insurgents while 525 others were killed by the nomadic cattle herdsmen in the period under review.
The government also gave itself a pass mark in checkmating the menace of herdsmen by saying “Joint operations involving various security outfits in curbing the menace of the herdsmen in the country have been set up.” Perhaps, the presidency is unaware that the herdsmen are still having a field day. June 2015 recorded 97 deaths arising from suspected Fulani herdsmen attacks; September recorded three; October, 18; November, 22; December, 28; February 2016, 300; April 2016, 55; and May 2016, 2.
In February 2016, suspected Fulani herdsmen attacked a village in Agatu, Benue State, reportedly killing at least 300 persons. The attack has been described as one of the worst ever witnessed in the series of attacks by Fulani herdsmen.
In April, 2016, at least 40 persons were also reportedly killed when suspected herdsmen attacked Nimbo in Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area of Enugu State.
About seven villages in Nimbo including Ugwuijoro, Ekwuru, Ebor, Umuome and Ugwuachara were among the areas attacked.
Many houses and churches have been burnt down in the process.
One of the most recent attacks by suspected Fulani herdsmen occurred on Friday, May 20, 2016, when two persons were killed and six others injured following an attack on Oke Ako in Ikole Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
Critics say one item that should not have been on the achievement list of Mr. President is the controversial overhauling of NIMASA which has culminated in the unanticipated activities of the Niger Delta Avengers and bombing of pipelines.
The achievement list reads: “A reversed policy of the past administration where national infrastructural assets were given to militia leaders to protect as against established bodies like the Nigerian Navy was stopped. The President Buhari government has drafted the army to partner with other security agencies in ensuring the security of our national infrastructure and this is already yielding the desired results.”
The presidency achievement list also said “Deployment of sophisticated weapons to ensure vandalism is contained by setting up a pipeline security force in stamping out the menace. NSCDC has become more proactive in the prevention of pipeline vandalisation, with the arrest of several pipeline vandals.”
Political observers said that the recent development in the Niger Delta is not unconnected to this policy reversal by the Buhari administration, which has pushed some of the former militants that were hitherto protecting the pipelines into the unemployment market, and fingers are pointing in the direction of the ex-militants as the ones behind the renewed pipeline vandalisation. Certainly, the presidency is aware that the menace, rather than being stamped out, is now back with full force and this is why the government is rethinking about re-engaging the angry Niger Delta youths to protect the pipelines in their communities.
Many Nigerians from the South East and other part of the country are not comfortable with the manner the federal government has been handling the issue of Biafra agitators and the killing of some of their unarmed members by government forces. Even the continued incarceration of IPOB director, Nnadi Kanu, since last year in breach of court orders is a black dot on the human right records of the present administration. But on the President’s first anniversary list, it added “Effective Management of the Separatist Biafran Movement” as one of its achievements.
One area the present administration has received accolade is the issue of fight against corruption. Even though the president has been accused of waging a selective war and shielding some alleged corrupt people, he has sent signals that there is always a day of reckoning for corrupt officials. The only thing critics fault on the president’s achievement card on corruption is the claim that: “The administration is being guided by the rule of law in the prosecution of corruption cases.” However, many Nigerians are being detained illegally against the provisions of the constitution and in most cases, investigations begin after the suspects are clamped behind bars. Many Nigerians believe this administration appears not have any respect for the rule of law in the anti-graft war.
On the issue of transparency in the administration of NNPC, many critics fault the claims of the presidency as contained in the achievement list that NNPC “As a corporate entity, NNPC is now accountable and more transparent in operations, publishing its monthly financial reports.”
Recent reports in the media indicate it is business as usual in NNPC as the Corporation continues to withhold billions of dollars in oil sale revenues from the treasury under President Buhari’s administration. A report released by the Natural Resource Governance Institute, NRGI, said in the second half of 2015, NNPC’s sales of export crude, domestic crude and oil from its subsidiary, the Nigeria Petroleum Development Company, NPDC, totalled $6.3 billion.
Of this amount, only $2.1 billion entered the Federation Account while $4.2 billion (N827.4 billion) was not remitted, representing 66 percent of proceeds from crude oil sales for the six months, according to the NRGI report titled “NNPC Still Holds Blank Check”.
“This was 14 percent more than the corporation’s withholdings under Goodluck Jonathan in the first half of 2015, and 12 percent higher than the share withheld in 2013 and 2014,” the report, authored by Aaron Sayne and Alexandra Gillies, said.


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