President Barack Obama said that the international community ought to have done more to avoid a leadership vacuum in Libya, which has been in disarray since the fall of Muammar Gaddafi four years ago.
Obama, who stated this at the 70th UN General Assembly, urged the international community to work harder in future to ensure states do not implode.
The rapid descent of Libya into violent chaos was one of the most dramatic events in the “Arab Spring,” which saw the collapse of long-standing autocratic governments in a number of Arab countries in the face of popular protests.
“Even as we helped the Libyan people bring an end to the reign of a tyrant, our coalition could have and should have done more to fill a vacuum left behind,”
“We will help any legitimate Libyan government as it works to bring the country together,
“but we also have to recognise that we must work more effectively in the future as an international community to build capacity for states that are in distress before they collapse,” Obama said.
His rare acknowledgement of mistakes in Libya’s transition came as the UN tries to negotiate an end to fighting between two rival governments and their armed backers which has pushed the country to the brink of collapse.
In a related development, the Assembly on Monday was dominated by discussion of the turmoil in Syria, which erupted after an uprising against President Bashar al-Assad.
The U.S. and Russia have traded accusations about responsibility for the violence.
Russian President Vladimir Putin blamed the chaos in the region, including in Libya, on the sudden removal of the old leaders, and said this was creating many recruits for the Islamic State militant group.
“It is now obvious that the power vacuum created in some countries of the Middle East and North Africa led to emergence of anarchy areas.
“Those immediately started to be filled with extremists and terrorists,’’ Putin told the assembly.
“Tens of thousands of militants are fighting under the banners of the so-called ‘Islamic State’,” Putin stressed while noting that U.S. actions were behind the failure of many countries, including Libya and Iraq.
He also accused the U.S. and its European allies of tricking fellow Security Council members and using a mandate to protect civilians as a cover for providing support to Libyan rebels and ousting Gaddafi, who was subsequently killed.
Libya has fragmented into two loose rival alliances of former rebels who once fought Gaddafi together but turned against each other in a battle for control.
Since last year, Tripoli has been controlled by Libya Dawn, an alliance of Islamist-leaning former militias and a powerful armed faction from the city of Misrata that set up a self-declared government and parliament in the capital.

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