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Varsity Don blames massive migration on failed leadership in Africa

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A university lecturer, Mr Sam Unom, has blamed the challenges of massive migration from Africa on `series and continuous’ failed leadership in most African countries.

Unom, who is a Sociology Lecturer in Benue State University, stated this to newsmen after delivering a lecture at the end of 2018 Annual Conference of the African Heritage Institution (Afri-Heritage), a not-for-profit, non-political think tank organization, at the weekend in Enugu.

The theme of the lecture was: “The Political Economy of Migration, Development and State Responses: Rethinking Perspective, Aligning Incentives’’.

He noted that before the present decade, migration had not been a huge challenge for Africa, but the present negative socio-economic and political tendencies of migration had made it a big challenge.

“From a larger perspective, present today migration was kick started by globalization and improvement in all forms of transport especially air transport.

“However, the new wave of involuntary migration, where Africans live in droves to other parts of the World especially Europe and U.S, is being fueled by failed leadership.

“Series and continuous failed leadership has placed African countries and her people in a very low scale in the United Nation’s Human Development Index, HDI, positioning or ranking,’’ Unom, who is the Director of Spade Consulting Ltd, a good governance and policy consulting firm, said.

According to him, failed governance leads to loss of hope, no expectations that things will change or willingness/ability to make change; thus, the people will definitely migrate out in droves, just like what we see in most African countries.

“Leaders in the continent must check this negative tendencies as well as brain drain in Africa through improvement of all socio-economic and political indexes of the continent and her people’’.

In another lecture, Dr Nnaemeka Okereke, from National Defence College, noted that the security significance of the Anglophone refugees from Cameroon on host communities in Nigeria was a difficult one.

Delivering the lecture themed: “Security Significance of the Anglophone Refugees from Cameroon on Host Communities in Nigeria’’, Okereke said that assessment revealed that the Cameroonian refugees in Cross Rivers State were mostly based on the communities within Nigeria that are sharing borders with Cameroon.

He explained that problems associated with security was as a result of independence by different countries who are now making effort to safeguard their territories, therefore having legal and illegal migrants.

In closing remark, Executive Director of Afri-Heritage, Prof. Ufo Okeke-Uzodike, urged the participants to use the knowledge acquired to solve emerging migration as well as make valid contribution to better humanity in their localities and countries.

The two-day conference was with the focus on “The Political Economy of Migration in Africa’’.

Over 70 researched papers had been penciled down for presentation by various lecturers across the country on migration and its related issues.

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